Become A Full Stack Web Developer - Full Guide for Beginner

How to become full stack web developer 2019
How to become full stack web developer 2019
The technological world is growing and changing more, and especially the world of development, where this growth and these changes in the way of working now require new skills and specialties.

Now we talk about BackendsDevOps , ShortsOps , Frontends ..., and yes: Full Stack Web Developer
What is a Full Stack Developer?
One of those words that only pronouncing them attracts glances, sounds good, and sounds unknown.
But without going any further, a Full Stack Developer (Full = full, Stack = stack),is a developer that works with complete batteries, from the back to the front (a stack is a type of abstract data structure where the last thing that enter is the first thing that comes out, and the rest is stacked).
The Full Stack can work anywhere regardless of the dependencies.
Thus, using complete stacks, and with enough knowledge, you can run the same code that you type in the front or elsewhere in the back.
But of course, in order to do this work you need to know the full stack and know how to deal with it, this is where the knowledge of the Full Stack comes into play.
That master of keys that can open any door and understand what's inside.
But what distinguishes a Full Stack of success is not that it is a superhero capable of doing everything, but the fact of being able to understand everything, because at the moment of truth, although he knows how to handle himself on both sides, he will dedicate most of the time to work in one of the two ends, the back or the front.
But the Full Stack, in addition to working on both sides, must be able to have an effective communication with the other developers that work in the Stack.
Full Stack Web Developer Skill:
Suppose if we create a stack of all the things required for a particular application or project e.g, front-end (like HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, JQUERY, Front End Frameworks), back-end (PHP or PYTHON or C/C++/C# or .NET), databases (MYSQL, POSTGRES, MongoDB, Cassandra), Linux Shell Scripting etc. , a full stack developer should be comfortable to work on it.
Basically, In Industry the gap between developers and administrators are getting smaller and smaller. The industry (mostly startups) wants one guy to handle everything.
Here are the things that you need to learn.
✔️ 1. FRONT END
  • HTML/HTML5
  • CSS3 + PreProcessors (SASS or SCSS)
  • JAVASCRIPT + JQUERY + ANGULARJS
  • AJAX & WEB SOCKETS
  • Responsive Design
You should have to have good command on CSS3 Media Queries and AJAX.
✔️ 2. DESIGNING CONCEPTS
  • UI (User Interface)
  • UX (User eXperience)
  • Converting Photoshop or Illustrator Designs to Code
✔️ 3. BACK END
  • Programming Languages (PHP, Python, Java, NodeJS, C/C++ etc.)
  • Databases (MYSQL, Postgres, Cassandra, MongoDB)
  • API (Application Programming Interface) Creation & Implementation (Good Understanding of JSON and XML also)
  • Search Implementation : ElasticSearch, Sphinx, Lucene
✔️ 4. TOOLS
  • Gulp or Grunt
  • Git (as it is mostly used according to StacksOverflow Survey)
  • Vagrant, Docker
  • VmWare or VirtualBox
✔️ 5. ADMINISTRATION TASKS
  • Cloud Computing Basics (VERY VERY IMPORTANT IN 2016+)
  • Web Server Implementation and Maintenance (Apache & Nginx)
  • Complete Understanding on How to Use Linux
  • Bash Shell Scripting + CRON JOBS
  • Caching Technologies (Varnish, Memcached) and Load Balancing Technologies
  • Monitoring Technologies
What do I have to learn to become a Full Stack?
In my experience, I will try to create a list of things you should learn if your interest is in becoming this 2019 in Full Stack Web Developer , one of the most demanded jobs in the world today.
✔️ 1.Git, GitHub & SourceTree
I put it in first place because it is one of the bases on which you must sit your day to day. Every good programmer should know how to work with Git and have his profile on GitHub , if he works alone it is highly recommended, and if he works as a team it is mandatory.
A developer who uses a version control software discovers a new universe of security, productivity and organization.
✔️ 2.HTML / CSS
It is one of the basics that can not miss. HTML5 and CSS3 is what will allow you to style your content and decorate the part closest to the user. We know the current and future trend on Mobile First (although some say that the market moves towards Mobile Only), so CSS Media Queries to write responsive CSS is just as important as knowing how to manage Bootstrap, one of the most important frameworks that will help you with your design in HTML and CSS.
✔️ 3. JavaScript
JavaScript, the most popular language of the Internet (both Frontend and Backend), is also one of the most important languages ​​for Full Stack Web Developer.
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With the growth of this language, every time there are new and better libraries, frameworks and tools that you have to know.
As a language, it is the only one that runs natively in the browser, and can also be used on the server side (using Node.js, for example).
The Full Stack must have a very in-depth knowledge about JavaScript, about its features and frameworks such as Angular or React Besides knowing how to work with DOM , know JSON and manipulate it or structure the code and modularize it in different parts.
✔️ 4. Backend language
it is necessary to move to the backend part and manage operations in databases and user authentication among many other functions.
Although there are several popular and in - depth understanding one language would suffice, the director of our Bootcamp web development believed that one, although sufficient, is not optimal, so we opted for our students to learn two: Python and Node.js . And why these two?
  • Node.js: In addition to the high labor demand, Node.js is itself a JavaScript environment, which means that if you meet point 2, you do not need to learn a new language and have large and efficient frameworks that will allow you to develop applications Web. Course: Node.JS Course 10 Days Risk Free Trials
  • Python: Another of the most popular languages ​​and demanded by companies. It is a language with a very simple and refined syntax that has very large frameworks such as Django or Flask. Course: Python Course 10 Days Risk Free Trials
✔️ 5. Databases and web storage
When you learn to build web applications, you must learn to store the data somewhere you can access later, otherwise none of that would make sense.
For this you must understand the benefits of memory storage , relational databases, learn about NoSQL databases such as MongoDB, know how to discern what is best to use in certain situations and know how to connect them to the language chosen in the Backend.
✔️ 6. HTTP & REST
HTTP is the protocol that allows servers to communicate with the client and REST is an interface between systems that uses HTTP to obtain data, or generate operations on that data in all possible formats.
In other words, the api REST is the "translator" that allows the Backend to understand the Frontend.
✔️ 7. Web architecture
If you thought that once you learned the 6 previous points and you become Full Stack, you were wrong.
As we said at the beginning, a Full Stack is so valuable for the deep knowledge in back and front and the great productivity and reuse of the code that can originate.But none of this would be possible if the architecture on which it is based is not scalable, it is difficult and expensive to maintain, or it must be rebuilt in case there is a new player (such as an app). At the moment you want to create a complex web application , you will need to know how to structure your code, how to separate the files and where and how to store them, how to structure the data in your databases and where to perform some computational tasks.
In KeepCoding, we always make a special emphasis on the foundations of each project, that's why we use an architecture based on microservices , where each nucleus is responsible for managing some tasks and, for this, they must be built using a language and framework that is more optimized be for that function. Once again, the irrefutable proof that knowledge of the Full Stack Web Developer is decisive when starting a project .
Knowledge and the ability to see the "Big Picture", because it is not just about seeing how each brick fits into a wall, but how that wall supports other parts of the building.
✔️ 8. Web Development Bootcamp
All the previous points are unified here, in this Bootcamp. Year after year, in KeepCoding we make a great analysis of the labor market to know what is required by companies. Our teachers test all the material and decide what they think can give better results for today and, of course, tomorrow.
Are you a beginner who wants to learn Full Stack Web Development but don’t know where to start?
Thanks for Reading!
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